Wrestling represents one of the oldest forms of combat. A wrestling bout is a physical competition, between two competitors or sparring partners, who attempt to gain and maintain a superior position. There are three Olympic disciplines: Greco-Roman wrestling, men's freestyle wrestling and female wrestling (i.e., women's freestyle wrestling), all of which are included at the Baku 2017 Games. The competition will take place at Heydar Aliyev Arena.
Explosive and fast-paced, Wrestling is one of the most popular combat sports in the world and definitely one of a few sports with the longest Olympic history. Wrestling is a competition between two people that involves grappling techniques, such as clinch fighting, throws, takedowns and pins. Wrestling has traditionally applied a wide range of styles with varying rules. The sport goes back centuries, with its roots in Ancient Greece during the 8th century BC.
The modern history of Wrestling started in the 19th century with the growing popularity of Greco-Roman Wrestling throughout Europe, while Freestyle Wrestling gained more attention and professional interest in Great Britain. Women’s Wrestling made its first appearance at the Athens 2004 Summer Olympic Games.
Facts and figures
• Baron Pierre de Coubertin, recognizing old traditions of Wrestling, named it among the eight “foundational sports” of the modern Olympic Games in 1896.
• The United World Wrestling (UWW) was founded in Antwerp, Belgium in 1912.
• Azerbaijan has won 14 medals in Wrestling events at the Olympic Games since 1996, including four gold.